I had a lot of fun on this weeks task. The task was selecting a photograph on Retouch Pros’ restoration challenge section which I then edited and played around with a few of the features to try to bring the photograph back to life. The program I used for this task was Picasa. I found it very easy to upload and edit images using Picasa. All of the tools were easy to find along the left side. I also thought the having the undo button so easily accessible it allowed for some exploration of different techniques.
The restoration challenge I chose was #100 and the image was of a girl posing for a portrait photograph. As you can see the image was quite damaged with rust stains and was missing some parts of the photograph around the edges.
My plan for this photograph was to keep an authentic feel for the image whilst repairing enough of the damage.
I started by clearing up the rust stains. I used the retouch tool to clone parts of the image that were similar in colour to the damaged part so it replaces it. I was careful using the one spot to retouch some areas because the pattern becomes grainy if it used over and over on the one spot and can look unrealistic.
I changed the contrast of image; I added more shadow around her face and hair to highlight those features. I also softened the image too using a filter. I was happy with the colour and filters so I went back to retouch any areas of damage that showed up after using the filters. Some areas of damage did show up so it is always a good idea to re-examine the image so that it holds its integrity. Finally the missing areas of the image around the edges were too severe to fix so the best option was to get rid of them. I used the cropping tool in Picasa to take them out of the photo. If I left the damage there it would detract from the real subject of the image therefore losing its focus. Here is the image after my restoration attempts; I hope you like it.
For this weeks task shutter speed was our focus. Shutter speed determines how much light is let pass into the lens of a camera. A slow shutter speed allows a lot of light in therefore showing less detail and creating a motion blur of the moving subject. For high shutter speeds an object could be moving very quickly but by allowing less light in, the end product is a detailed photograph.
I had to decide on a particular place and subject to show different shutter speeds effectively. My front garden was the perfect. It was a rather windy day so I hung the very edge of a tissue to a branch on a bare tree so the effect could be clearly seen.
The first photo I took was of the tissue at a fast shutter rate. This snapped the tissue moving with the image still clear as well as the background images.
The faster shutter speed has allowed me to take a photo of the tissue while it is blowing without losing the clear focus of the object. In my opinion this shows how effective a faster shutter speed is when capturing a fast-moving object. The detail of the object makes it clearly identifiable that it is a tissue.
An interesting tutorial I found on the internet was courtesy of an online community called, “Cambridge in Colour”. The website explained the different uses of shutter speed and how the effects could be maximized. There was also a shutter speed calculator that gives you the “minimum shutter speed needed to make a moving subject appear sharp in an 8×10 inch print.” The calculator is a useful tool if you needed a photo for demonstration in an e-journal on the uses of shutter speed as the images would have to perfect to illustrate effectively.
The second image I took used a slower shutter image. The tissue seemed to take on a life of its own in the photo becoming quite ghostly. I can see how photographers in the early 20th Century used the effect of shutter speed to fool people into thinking they had taken a photograph of a spectre.
My subject blurs in the image to show how when more light pours through a lens it can create a dream like effect in the photograph.
In week 3 we began to learn about digital photography and the basic workings of a camera. After our lecture I looked at the documentary,‘The Genius of Photography’. Our lecturer brought the documentary to the classes attention and I am really glad I took time out to view it. The documentary really opened my eyes to how accessible Photography is when compared to the time it really took off in the early 20th Century. It also occurred to me that anyone can take a really brilliant photograph. Practice, practice and more practice seems like the order the day aligned with a basic understanding of the principles that make a good photo.
Displaying Depth of Field
In class we discussed Aperture and Depth of Field (DOF). With Aperture it is the opening in the window of the lens that light through. An F-Stop tells the user how open or closed the window of the lens is. The smaller the window the deeper the DOF (higher F-Stops) is allowing more of the scene in focus; like a photograph with the subject being a safari wide shot of the Savannah. Whereas with a large window (lower F-Stops) is creates a shallower DOF; this could be used for a portrait photograph.
The class was given a task to photograph any particular subject but to show that you have an understanding of the aperture. My photographs subjects were a leaf, a bush and a bridge. The leaf being in the foreground; the bush in the middle ground and the bridge being in the background. By using a lower amount of F-stops I was able to focus on the leaf in the foreground and blur the bush and bridge in the middle and background of the image. I was very impressed with this photo as I had never attempted anything like this before I undertook the task. I took me a while to get the right shot but when I did I just knew it was the one I wanted to publish in my Digital Photography Portfolio.